- FATHER KOSTER
Roman Persecutions of Christianity, part
1 - July 21, 2019
The size and scope of the Roman persecutions definitely warrants more than one week. Christianity was born in the suffering and death of its Founder, Jesus Christ. Likewise, it grew and took root through the suffering and death of many of its followers. The
Romans weren't the only ones to persecute Christianity, as we hear of local attacks in Acts of the Apostles in and around Palestine by the Jews, but they were definitely the main source of persecution.
It all begins in 64AD in Rome under the Emperor Nero. Nero was psychopathic, even by Roman standards. The Roman historians
portray him as such. On July 19, 64AD, fire broke out near the Circus Maximus in Rome and burned for nine days. The rumor was the Nero started the fire in order to clear space for his
"golden house". To combat these rumors, Nero blames the new group in town: the Christians. He forced a few confessions out of some and then ordered large numbers arrested. When the Romans began to question the validity of these
"confessions", Nero then charged the Christians with
"hating the human race".
The persecution was limited to just the city of Rome, but the brutality was unreal. They were taken to
Nero's Circus, sewn to animal skins, then distributed throughout gardens while hunted by mastiff dogs. They were also coated with pitch and resin and then set on fire to provide light while Nero passed through the city streets and gardens. Saints Peter and Paul would be martyred during this first Roman persecution.
The Emperor Domitian, who referred to himself as
"Lord and God", tried to stop the spread of Christianity from the lower classes to the aristocracy. He therefore levied a special tax on Christians to pay for a new temple to Jupiter, punishing those who refused.
However, as dangerous as the emperors were, it was the people that were the most dangerous. Misunderstandings often evolved into violent hatred and fear. Christians were accused of sacrificing babies, drinking their blood, and casting evil spells. They were also blamed for natural disasters that occurred.
From the years 96-180AD, there was a span of emperors known as the Five Good Emperors. Not because they were good to
Christians but because of their skill in leading the empire and enjoying the support of the senate, army, and people. The second of these five emperors, Trajan, took what he deemed to be an enlightened and balanced approach toward Christianity. One of his governors asked advice concerning the persecution and punishment of Christians. Nero and Domitian had held that Christians were to be summarily executed and this governor was doing that. However, he tells Trajan that they exist all over, in all levels of society.
The governor poses four questions to
Trajan: should anonymous denunciations of Christians be pursued; should age be taken into consideration when determining their punishment; should Christians who publicly renounce their faith be allowed to live; is profession of Christianity itself sufficient to warrant execution.
Trajan's response that we have only covers three of the four questions. He says that anonymous denunciations (accusing someone of being a Christian without giving your name) should not be pursued, Christians who publicly renounce their faith and sacrifice to the Roman gods can live, and anyone who is denounced openly and admits to being a Christian was to be executed. This was considered balanced and enlightened, although compared to his predecessors, it was.
we'll pick it up with the emperor Hadrian, the next of the
"Five Good Emperors".
16th Sunday in Ordinary Time - Genesis 18:1-10a; Colossians 1:24-28; Luke 10:38-42
Apostolic Fathers and Early Apologetics - July 14, 2019
The Apostolic Fathers comprise the time immediately after the death of the last Apostle (St. John, who died in exile). They were among the earliest Christian writers. Some of the more famous Apostolic Fathers include St. Clement of Rome, St. Ignatius of Antioch, and St. Polycarp of Smyrna. Their writings consisted mainly of religious and moral themes that were typically addressed through epistles to specific communities. This, of course, was the same manner in which St. Paul taught.
St. Ignatius of Antioch lived from approximately 50-107AD. His letters are the considered the most important documents which link the Twelve Apostles with the early Church. He would be arrested during the reign of Emperor Trajan for being a well-known bishop. Antioch was one of the main centers of Christianity. As he was taken to Rome to be martyred, he corresponded with many communities in Asia Minor. These are known as the Seven Epistles.
In these epistles, St. Ignatius makes clear his desire for martyrdom to the extent that he asked other Christians not to try and intervene on his behalf. His writings elaborated on the Incarnation and the Paschal Mystery and St. Ignatius was the first person to use the term
"Catholic Church". He also supported the primacy of the papacy.
St. Polycarp of Smyrna lived from 69-155AD. He dies under the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius, the fourth of the so-called
"5 Good Emperors". St. Polycarp defended orthodox Catholic belief against various heresies. He is also one of the most important Apostolic Fathers because of his correspondence and friendship with St. Ignatius of Antioch and St. Clement of Rome. This correspondence gives us tremendous insight into the workings of the early Church. Upon returning to Smyrna from Rome, he was arrested during a pagan festival. The governor actually tried to save him, because he was so popular, by asking him to publicly curse Christ. St. Polycarp refused and was burned at the stake. However, the fire would not harm him, so he was killed with a sword instead.
For the early apologists (defenders of the faith), their opponents were mainly Judaism, Gnostic heresies, and various pagan religions.
For Judaism, their problems with Christianity were that Christianity claimed roots in Judaism. To the Jews, this denigrated and
desecrated Judaism, the Law, and the God of Abraham. Christians claimed fulfillment of the Mosaic Law, but rejected the need for
circumcision and other practices. Also, Christ was not the messiah the Jews had expected. Therefore, the writings of the apologists focused on these issues.
It's always important to remember that when you are defending the faith,
don't focus on broad-sweeping statements. That will inevitably get you nowhere. What you need to first do is ask your opponent what their issues are and then specifically address those.
Asking questions is the best way to learn what your opponent actually believes.
The most important work of the apologists at this time was dealing with the pagan culture of the Romans. It was the dominant force in the world they were living in. Christianity was antithetical to all things Romans. Loyalty, to the Romans, meant worshipping the emperor, serving in the army, and participating in the pagan cults. The Christians sometimes served in the legions, but that was it. As such, they were hated and feared. There was a great need for apologetic writings that explained the practices of the Christians so that it was understood what they actually believed and practiced.
Scripture Readings 15th Sunday in Ordinary Time - Deuteronomy 30:10-14; Colossians 1:15-20; Luke 10:25-37
THE HISTORY CORNER
The Early Christian - July 7, 2019
A common misconception is that the practices of the early Christians were far different than the practices of Catholics today. In some cases this is true, but in the crucial elements of our faith, not much has changed. This week
we're going to look at some of the practices of the early Christians and how they compare to what we do today.
In the early years, people were baptized freely. However, the numbers began to grow and when that happened, a more structured program emerged. Catechumens
("the instructed"), were taught over a period of 2-3 years. This was to allow for a proper understanding of the Gospel message and to develop a firm foundation of faith. This was necessary because of the heavy persecutions going on at the time. If there
wasn't a strong foundation, people would renounce their faith in the face of
persecution, known as apostasy. The baptism of infants
wouldn't become common until the third century.
The original mass was structured similarly to today. There were readings from Scripture, a collection for the poor, and then the Liturgy of the Eucharist. The fixed words of the Eucharistic Prayer would develop over the centuries so originally the celebrant would give his own words of thanks before saying the words of consecration which were set down as early as
Paul's letters (50AD or so).
The early churches were originally in people's homes. This was not done because that was preferred, it was done out of secrecy. Were they to have an actual church building like today, they would have been easily found and killed and the building destroyed.
- Holy Days:
The early Christians had two days of fasting and penance per week: Wednesday and Friday. Friday because that was the day of
Christ's death, and Wednesday because that was the day that Judas betrayed Jesus. Originally, Christians kept the Jewish sabbath on Saturday, but switched to Sunday because of Pentecost and the Resurrection. It was originally Pentecost because that event affected thousands while the Resurrection only affected a small amount by comparison. Different feast days would develop with time as certain days rose to higher importance.
It comes from the Greek "presbyteros" which is translated as presbyter. Presbyters were Church elders. The full understanding of what it meant to be a priest developed over the centuries but as early as the second century we have records of priests being ordained to offer the mass.
Slavery was permitted under Roman Law and the Law of Moses.
Jesus' teachings, however, were clearly against the institution as a whole. But, there was little the Christians could do about it at the time. Slaves were welcomed as full members of the Church which made the Church very popular with slaves. As the Church grew, the institution would slowly dwindle.
- Sexual Ethics:
Abortion, contraception, and infanticide were quite prevalent in Roman society. They were not things that have only recently become more widespread. The earliest writings of the Church condemned all of these practices with very strong wordings and those teachings have never changed.
Women were treated as second-class citizens in Roman society. However, they were welcomed as full members of the Church and treated the same as men in the Church. The modern misconception is that the Church treated women the same as everyone else because of the highly patriarchal society. That theory, however,
doesn't hold water. Jesus' most faithful followers were women. The most venerated person in the Church apart from God is Mary. One of the most extreme things Christ did was allow women to be treated the same as men. Women priests were common in almost every polytheistic religion. Ordaining women would have been a very non-extreme thing to do because of how common
"priestesses" were. The male-only priesthood exists for theological reasons, not misogynist ones.
Scripture Readings 14th Sunday in Ordinary Time -
Isaiah 66:10-14c; Galatians 6:14-18; Luke 10:1-12, 17-20
THE HISTORY CORNER
The Apostolic Church - June 30, 2019
Christ founded His Church upon the apostles. The word
"apostle" means "one who is sent", so there is an inherent missionary
characteristic to not only the apostles but to the Church as well. The Church claims this apostolic foundation and
that's very important. The apostles were personally chosen by Christ, they were empowered by the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, and they received their
teachings and instructions directly from Christ. The Catholic Church is the only one that can claim this apostolic foundation which also gives us apostolic succession. The apostles chose their successors, who became known as bishops. Bishops ordain other bishops throughout time to maintain leadership in the Church. Every bishop today, were he to try hard enough, would be able to trace his ordination back through time to the apostles themselves. Only bishops who are ordained within the Church maintain this apostolic succession
today. Now, many like to glamorize the early Church today by painting a picture of everyone getting along, spreading the good news, and being simplistic when it comes to practices and teachings, but
that's simply not the case. The early Church was fraught with issues from the very beginning. The most serious issue the Church will face is that of persecution. From the earliest days, the Church was persecuted by those who saw it as a threat. First it was the Jewish leaders, later it will be the Romans.
"martyr" means "witness" as martyrs were true witnesses to their faith through their conviction. The first martyr of the Church was St. Stephen who was one of the first seven deacons ordained. St.
Stephen's martyrdom began the first persecution of the Church which was mainly in and around Jerusalem. The person who was in charge of the death of St. Stephen was a young man named Saul Paulus of Tarsus. Saul was a fanatical Pharisee who sought to destroy what he saw as a threat to Judaism. He would, of course, convert not long later and become one of the greatest evangelists in history.
One of the first crises to hit the Church during this time was the question as to whether or not you had to be Jewish before becoming Christian. The assumption was you did. However, it was revealed to Peter in a vision that the Gentiles were able to be baptized without becoming Jewish first. The issue was finally settled at the first council of the
Church: the Council of Jerusalem. Councils will become an important means in understanding the position of the Church. Councils are called to solve problems and clarify issues, not create new teachings.
Like I said above, apostle means one who is sent. All of the apostles were missionaries at some level and all, except St. John, were killed for what they preached. Peter was crucified upside down because he
didn't think he was worthy to die the same way as Christ. Paul was beheaded because he was a Roman citizen. Both were killed in Rome. Andrew was crucified on an
"x" shaped cross in Greece, hence the St. Andrew's cross being an X. James the Greater was beheaded in 44AD in Jerusalem and was the first apostle to die. Bartholomew was flayed alive in Armenia after bringing the gospel to Persia. Matthew died in Ethiopia by methods unknown.
Thomas took the gospel to India and was martyred there. James the Lesser was thrown off the temple in
Jerusalem... then beaten to death. Philip was killed by Jews in Phrygia (central Turkey). Simon was crucified in Syria after evangelizing all over Africa. Jude was beaten to death in Mesopotamia. They tried to boil John in oil but it
didn't work. He was then exiled to the island of Patmos where he would die.
While the above isn't pretty, it is reassuring. It's reassuring because it shows the power of
Christ's message and the power of the Holy Spirit. Ordinary men with ordinary jobs, plucked from mediocrity, and taught what ultimately amount to simple messages. Once imbued with the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, these men would go to the ends of the world and endure horribly painful deaths for the sake of what so many today only deign to believe. Their witness speaks volumes, and
it's a witness we should all strive to emulate.
Scripture Readings 13th Sunday in Ordinary Time - 1 Kings 19:16B, 19-21; Galatians 5:1, 13-18; Luke 9:51-62
THE HISTORY CORNER
The Perfect Time, Part 2
- June 23, 2019
So when we last left off, we had communities of Jews living throughout the Mediterranean due to the Diaspora and the advent of the first global empire: the Persian Empire. The Persians had attempted to conquer Greece twice, inflicting massive damage. This would inspire revenge over a century later.
In 338BC, Philip of Macedon finally subdues all of Greece. Philip then dies suddenly and is succeeded by his son, Alexander.
Alexander then does what his father always dreamed of doing: attack Persia. This was for power and for revenge for the damage Persia inflicted upon Greece a century before. By 323 BC, Alexander the Great conquered Persia, parts of India, and Egypt, but dies without an heir. This leads to a divided kingdom amongst four of his generals.
Alexander's lasting influence in the region, however, was Hellenism. Hellenism is Greek culture and Hellenization is the spreading of Greek culture. So while his former empire was divided politically, it was united culturally. The Greek language became the dominant language in Egypt, Palestine, and Asia Minor. This led to the intermingling of different cultures and ideas because everyone could communicate with each other.
The Greek influence on religion was also profound. Greek philosophy was largely devoid of any religious substance, but it was merged with the theologies of the east which were largely devoid of any philosophy. This mingling of proper theology with proper philosophy will be essential to the spread and understanding of Christianity.
So now we have communities of Jews living all over the Mediterranean, a common language being spoken in the same area, and an intermingling of philosophy and theology for the first time.
In 246BC, Rome controlled the entire Italian peninsula and begins a series of wars with Carthage known as the Punic Wars. The most famous of these was the second, when the Carthaginian general, Hannibal, famously marched his elephants over the Alps for a surprise attack against the Romans. Rome would emerge victorious in each of the wars, eventually destroying the city of Carthage and salting the earth so nothing could grow there. This established Rome as the dominant power in the region and set them on the course for empire.
Meanwhile, in Palestine, the Jews were suffering under the heel of the Seleucid Empire, one of the offshoots of
Alexander's empire. Overly oppressive kings sought to saturate the Jews with Hellenism in an attempt to suppress Judaism. The Jews would eventually revolt and this uprising, chronicled in the Books of Maccabees, led to the overthrow of the Seleucids in the area and gave the Jews control over the region for the first time in 600 years.
In 133BC, Rome began to outgrow the Republic system of government. A series of civil wars would eventually lead to the establishment of a triumvirate between Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar. To gain power and favor, Caesar conquered Gaul (modern-day France) and Pompey headed east. Despite the formation of the Jewish kingdom in Palestine, civil war was raging there as well. Pompey strategically intervened and ended up annexing Judea for Rome.
Caesar is killed in 44BC and another civil war rages until his nephew, Octavian, consolidates power in 27BC and is given the title Augustus from the senate, becoming the first emperor. This began a long stretch of peace and prosperity for the Roman Empire known as the Pax Romana. The Pax Romana led to the building of infrastructure such as roads, sewers, and aqueducts, as well as the expansion of cities and trade.
So, around the year 1BC, we have communities of Jewish people living all around the Mediterranean. The whole region speaks the same language: Greek. There is an understanding of Greek philosophy which is key to understanding certain Christian doctrines.
There is one power in control which is providing peace and safe travel along the greatest series of roads the world had seen. Added to that, the mainline polytheistic religions cannot answer basic religious questions that people have. It would seem like the perfect time for the spread of a new message.
Scripture Readings for The Most Holy Body & Blood of Christ
- Genesis 14:18-20; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26; Luke 9:11b-17; Proverbs
8:22-31; Romans 5:1-5; John 16:12-15
THE HISTORY CORNER
The Perfect Time, Part 1 - June 16, 2019
In this feature, when there
are no other pressing items on which to update you, I hope to expand
people's knowledge of Church History which is a subject that many are familiar with only in name. My goal is to start at the beginning and work forward through time, highlighting the major events with explanations that will hopefully allow this wonderful subject to not only come
alive but possibly encourage many to learn more about it on their own.
The Church was founded by Jesus Christ; and many know the world that Christ was born into. However, many are not aware how events leading to
Christ's birth created the perfect world for the Church to ultimately begin. Often, we look at simply the Old Testament and Salvation History to see how God created His chosen
people but seldom do we see how secular events also played a role. Due to the number of events, this will be a multi-part piece. Hopefully, all of the dates
don't make this first feature too dry!
This story begins with two dates: April 21,
753BC and 722BC.
- On April 21, 753BC, tradition holds that the city of Rome was founded. Rome will not be anything of substance for several centuries, but
it's important to note its founding because of the impact it will eventually have.
- In 722BC, the Northern Kingdom of Israel was destroyed by the Assyrian Empire. This begins what is called the Diaspora, or Dispersion, of the Jews. The Assyrians had a policy of resettlement wherein they would resettle local populations throughout their empire and replace them with other peoples, thus making it more difficult for locals to band together and revolt. So the Assyrians scattered the 10 northern tribes of Israel throughout their empire, thus creating the first instances of Jews living outside the Promised Land. Many of these Jews would never return.
- In 586BC, the Southern Kingdom of Judah was destroyed by the Babylonians. The population was deported to Babylon, thus beginning the Babylonian Exile and completing the Diaspora. So now we have Jews living all throughout the Near East, forming their own communities, as opposed to all of them living clustered together in Israel.
- In 539BC, Cyrus the Great of Persia defeats Babylon and creates the first world empire. It stretches from the Indus River in the east to Egypt and Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) in the west. Cyrus frees the Jews from Babylon, but many will stay as well as move throughout this new empire, settling in Egypt, Asia Minor, and many other places as well as back in Israel.
- In 509 BC, Rome will transition from a monarchy to a republic. The Senate held the power while two consuls would jointly share a quasi top-executive office. In an emergency, a dictator would be appointed for a maximum of six months. The most famous of these was Cincinnatus who was so successful that he was offered the position for life which he declined, saying that no one man should have all of that power. This decision by Cincinnatus would be brought up by George Washington when he was offered the presidency for life, citing the same reason.
- In 490BC, Persia invades Greece but is defeated at the Battle of Marathon. After the battle, a messenger ran to Athens to announce the victory and died from exhaustion. The distance he ran was approximately 26.2 miles.
- Then in 480BC, the Persians tried again. This is the famous battle of Thermopylae and the 300 Spartans. While seemingly irrelevant, these two invasions and the damage wrought by the Persians to Greece would be the catalyst for revenge by the Greeks over a century later.
Scripture Readings for The Most Holy Trinity
- Proverbs 8:22-31; Romans 5:1-5; John 16:12-15
9, 2019 - I would like to use this week's column to introduce myself to all of you. This will allow me to preach about Pentecost this weekend as opposed to preaching about myself. I was born and raised in the northland of Kansas City, about 15 minutes from the airport. I attended Rockhurst High School and graduated in 2007 before heading to the University of Dallas to study history. My dream was to become a high school history teacher. However, after two years, I discerned that God was calling me to the seminary instead. I graduated from Conception Seminary College in 2011 and attended the Pontifical College Josephinum in Columbus, OH.
I was ordained on May 23, 2015; and my first assignment was to teach full time at Bishop LeBlond High School
(don't worry, all of my shirts are going into storage). I taught there for three years and also coached the boys and girls soccer teams as well. So I have been to Chillicothe several times but only to the high school and only on the
visitor's sideline. After three years, I was assigned to St. Therese Parish in Parkville, MO, the largest parish in our Diocese, as the associate. While there, I also helped a bit at St. Pius X High School, helping to coach their soccer teams as well (and those shirts are going into storage as well). While there, I coached against my former teams at LeBlond; and I mention this, not because
I'm a turncoat, but because I'm fiercely loyal. And while it might be awhile before
I'm wearing the red and black of the Hornets, know that I am very happy to be here and look forward to the many ways in which I can serve the great community that we have here.
One final note: there will undoubtedly be some things that will change from what Fr. Kneib did and while some change is always expected, I do not intend any of it to be disruptive. There is always a reason for why I do what I do, which means if you ever have a question about it, you will get an answer. I pray that my tenure here is long and fruitful, and know of my prayers for all of you as we start this new journey together.
Scripture Readings for Pentecost
- Acts of the Apostles2:1-11; 1 Corinthians 12:3b-7, 12-13; John 20:19-23
KNEIB - His last weekend with us was June 1 and 2,
2019. You may read his archived
|A Duty Sanctioned
- One of the things that I have always found endearing to the history of our parish is the contribution of its families since the earliest days. The church was built on determination, sweat, and much faith on the part of our ancestors.
Therefore, I believe the legacy of the building they have left to us is important to preserve as well
as the memory of what they needed to do to accomplish a duty in
their time. For this purpose, I asked parishioner Brenda
O'Halloran to write a book based on the story of us. The book is entitled
A Duty Sanctioned. You may read an excerpt by clicking
on the book image here. We hope you will purchase your very own copy of the book to read in its entirety and to also help with this very worthwhile fundraising endeavor! TO ORDER: Contact Kim at the church office (email subject: Book Order). We prefer that you pick your order up at the church office, but mailing options are available (applicable shipping costs apply).
GUIDE TO OUR
STATUES: A guide is available on this website to
help you learn about the statues in the church. Mouse over the General Information tab at the top of
any page to see a dropdown menu with a link to the guide
or click here...
HAMILTON/GALLATIN MASSES - One of our former pastors, Fr. Tom
Hermes is the pastor at Sacred Heart in Hamilton and Mary Immaculate in Gallatin. Fr. Jack Zupez
SJ has been living at the rectory in Hamilton for the last couple
years. Fr. Jack has again taken up residence
at our parish as he continues his primary ministry in the area prisons.
are some resources available to aid us in being more knowledgeable about our faith. Please
consider the following to determine which might be the best for you.
- an email service which sends a passage of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, gospels, or the diary of St. Faustina to you daily.
Online Print - The following are available online and in print. Please click on the link or call the number to learn how to subscribe.
Notice of Allegations of Abuse
- The diocese has received an allegation of sexual abuse of a minor by deceased Father Robert
Cameron. This allegation was deemed credible by the Ombudsman following diocesan policy for response to allegations. The abuse
occurred in 1963 when Cameron was teaching at St. Joseph Academy, and he was assigned as parochial vicar at St. Columban
Parish, Chillicothe. While the diocese has not received any other accusations of child sexual abuse against Fr. Cameron, it has
received several reports of abuse and harassment of adults, including seminarians, by Fr. Cameron.
Cameron's parish assignments included St. Catherine, Kansas City; St. Patrick, Kansas City; St. Columban, Chillicothe; St. Thomas More, Kansas City; St. Mary,
Independence, and Nativity of Mary, Independence. In addition, while on other assignments, Fr. Cameron lived in residence at St.
Mark, Independence; St. Ann, Independence; Guardian Angels, Kansas City; Our Lady of Lourdes, Raytown, and Coronation of Our
Lady, Grandview. Fr. Cameron further served as teacher at St. Pius X High School; St. Joseph Academy, Chillicothe; Notre Dame de
Sion High School, and as principal at St. Mary High School, Independence. Fr. Cameron died in June 2015.
The diocese has also received an allegation of sexual abuse of a minor by deceased Father Sylvester Hoppe. The allegation dates from
the time Hoppe served at St. Columban Parish from 1968-1971. The diocese received the first report of abuse by Hoppe in 2002. Hoppe was the subject of two lawsuits claiming child sexual abuse which the diocese settled in 2008. Several other allegations of child sexual abuse have been made against him.
Hoppe's parish assignments included Immaculate Conception, St. Joseph; St. Rose, Savannah; St. Patrick, Forest City; St. Paul, Tarkio; St. Benedict, Burlington Junction; St. Columban, Chillicothe; St. Ann, Excelsior Springs, and Sacred Heart Norborne. He also served as diocesan director of Catholic Boy Scouts and as chaplain at St.
Mary's Orphanage in St. Joseph. Hoppe retired in 1991 and died in 2002.
If you were harmed by Fr. Hoppe, Fr. Cameron, or any other person who has worked or volunteered for the diocese, no matter how long ago, the diocese wants to provide care and healing resources to you and your family. Please contact the
Diocesan Ombudsman at
816.812.2500 if the abuse involves a priest, deacon, employee or volunteer of the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph.
Report suspicions of abuse:
1. Call the Missouri Child Abuse Hotline at 1.800.392.3738 (if the victim is currently under the age of 18), and
2. Contact your local law enforcement agency or call 911, and
3. After reporting to these civil and law enforcement authorities, report suspected sexual abuse of a minor or vulnerable adult to the Diocesan
Ombudsman at 816.812.2500 if the abuse involves a priest, deacon, employee or volunteer of the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph.
The Diocese has a sincere commitment to providing care and healing resources to victims of sexual abuse and their families. Please contact the Victim Advocate, Kathleen Chastain, at 816.392.0011 or
firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Grand Marshal Trophy, Holiday Parade, 11/21/2015